Vastu For Home

Vastu Shastra for Home aims at deploying a scientific system to utilize architectural principles in harmony with nature for design.

Vastu Shashtra for Home is based on considering the following key factors:

  • Position of an element
  • The direction of an element
  • Size or allocated space to an element
  • Connectivity between different elements
  • Alignment of corresponding elements

We have developed 3 simple theories to explain major functional principles of VASTU SHASTRA FOR HOME keeping in mind that you can apply these principles effectively in your designs.

  • Theory of LEVELS
  • Theory of SUNLIGHT
  • Theory of WIND

Our body is constituted by 5 elements; we call them “Panch-tatva” viz. Water, Fire, Land, Wind and Sky..

Vastu emphasizes bringing these elements into our design and that too in proper proportions that’s why these natural elements are assigned to a specific direction.

  • WATER is assigned to North East (NE) ISHAAN
  • FIRE is assigned to South East (SE) AAGNEY
  • THE LAND is assigned to South West (SW) NAIRITYA
  • WIND is assigned to North West (NW) VAAYAVYA
  • THE SKY is assigned to Center BRAHMA

Before jumping on these theories lets have an idea about directions & what we call them in VASTU!

Please Note: We numbered each direction for simplicity & to avoid any confusion.

Theory of Levels

As you can see each direction is assigned a number in the fig. above (marked in red), starting from North East (NE) 0 to South West (SW) 4 in both clockwise and counter clockwise directions.

Directions with smaller number should be at lower level and directions with bigger number should be at higher level.

Let’s elaborate this with following points:

  • Water well, boring, underground water tank, swimming pool, parking, basement etc. are constructed at lower levels in comparison to the rest of the building, so we place them in North East direction represented by number ‘0’.

[Directions are abbreviated, for instance North East direction is written as NE (0) along with its assigned number in the rest of the document]

  • Similarly Master Bedroom in SW (4) because it’s a good practice to construct owner’s space at highest level in building.
  • Top of Staircase or Lift are the highest point of a building, so we plan them either in SW(4) or S(3) or W(3).Remember the sequence. Try to first place them in SW (4), if not possible then S (3) then in W (3). If due to any constraint you need to place your staircase in N or E, create an open well staircase.
  • Kitchen is always placed at number 2, so place it in SE (2)/NW (2). As per ancient Hindu mythology, our kitchen or cooking space should have adequate sunlight while cooking. At 10:00 AM Sun is in SE (2) [Lunch time] and at 06:00 PM Sun is in NW (2) [Dinner Time].
  • As a rule of thumb, we place all the rooms on even numbers i.e. 0, 2 &4.
    • Master Bedroom at SW (4).
    • Drawing Room, Guest Bedroom or Daughter Bedroom at NW (2).
    • Son Bedroom, Study Room, Temple, Music Room or Gym at NE (2).
    • There should be no bedroom in SE (2). If there is a room in SE (2), we can utilize this room as a Dining Area, Bar, TV Room, Home theatre, Living Room etc. Remember nobody should sleep in SE (2).
  • All the utilities should be placed at odd numbers i.e. 1 & 3. 
  • Washrooms should be constructed either in NW (2)/ N (1)/ W (3)/ S (3).
  • Main entry of a building is ideally the lowest point in majority of cases. Keeping this in mind, if we have an East facing building, so we have 3 choices to provide the main entry NE (0) or E (1) or SE (2).
Main entry
Main Entry of a building as per VASTU

Always make the entry from lower number; NE (0) in the above case.

Similarly if we have a N facing building, entry is from NE (0).

For W facing building, entry is from NW (2).

For S facing building, entry is from SE (2).

  • Garden or Landscaping
    • NE (0), N (1) & E (1) are the ideal directions for planning a garden. But you must make sure this garden consists of grass, flower plants, small plants, hedge etc. Avoid placing big plants or tress in these directions otherwise they will obstruct sunlight.
    • For vegetable garden, SE (2) or S (3) is the ideal direction. You can plant tall trees, vegetables, climbers and creepers in this region.

Moreover, there are some additional points which need to be considered:

  • Washroom or Toilet should never come on E side.
  • There is no common wall between Toilet and Kitchen. Similarly, no common wall between Toilet and Temple.
  • Don’t place WC or Urinal under staircase.
  • Staircase should always construct in clockwise direction.
  • Number of risers in staircase should always an odd number.

For 10’ height, 17 risers

For 11’ height, 19 risers

For 12’ height, 21 risers

  • Doors, windows or openings facing each other should be properly aligned.


Let’s have a look at a residential plan designed as per VASTU.

House Plan
Residential Plan of a West facing house as per VASTU
  • Underground water tank or tube-well is provided in OPEN SPACE at NE (0).
  • Master Bedroom in SW (4).
  • Open Well Staircase for duplex in N(1). Staircase is designed in clockwise direction upward with 19 (odd number) risers.
  • Kitchen in SE (2).
  • Bedroom in NE (2). (Even number).
  • NE (0) to E (1) we kept open for sunlight & ventilation.
  • Bathrooms are placed on N (1) & S (3) wall with OTS for piping and ventilation.
  • For West facing buildings, Main Entry is from NW (2).

All the major points which are important in residential planning are covered. We have explained only the theory of LEVEL in this blog; the theory of Sunlight & Wind is explained separately. As Vastu is a practical subject, it requires practice & practical design experience. We are available online for all your design-related queries. You may post your queries in this blog or please fill up the details in the form below to get in touch with us.

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